New Zealand Facts in Brief

All important New Zealand facts are composed in a list of facts and figures.Please follow the links to read up on fun facts or more detailed background information.

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Country Name:

New Zealand




New Zealand’s name given by the Maori people is Aotearoa commonly translated into English as "The Land of the Long White Cloud". Today’s official name derived from Nova Zeelandia. A Dutch cartographer chose this name after a province in his home country. Later the well known British explorer converted it into the English term New Zealand.


God save the Queen


Wellington is with a population of 163,824 the capital furthest south in the world

Largest City:

 Auckland City

Government type:

The government type is a parliamentary democracy.

New Zealand Flag:

The NZ Flag carries in its symbolic elements of the land, government and people.

Administrative Divisions:

Regions (16) and Territory (1): 16 regions and 1 territory*; Auckland, Bay of Plenty, Canterbury, Chatham Islands*, Gisborne, Hawke's Bay, Manawatu-Wanganui, Marlborough, Nelson, Northland, Otago, Southland, Taranaki, Tasman, Waikato, Wellington, West Coast

Geographic New Zealand facts

Map References:

New Zealand is an island in the Pacific Ocean southeast of Australia. As part of Oceania its geographical coordinates are 41 00 S / 174 00 E.

Land Area:

The land area is comparable to the size of Colorado it covers 268,676 square km. Split into two islands North Island covers an area from 115,690 square km; the South Island slightly bigger stretches over 152,356 square km. These Islands are included in the total land area Antipodes Islands, Auckland Islands, Bounty Islands, Campbell Island, Chatham Islands, and Kermadec Islands.

Length of Coastline:

15,134km; Get to know West Auckland beaches.

Lowest Point:

Pacific Ocean 0m

Highest Point:

Aoraki-Mount Cook 3,754m, South Island

Longest River:

 Waikato River on the North Island

Largest Lake:

Lake Taupo, North Island

New Zealand climate:

The NZ climate ranges from subtropical in the north to temperate with sharp regional contrasts, predominantly mountainous with some large coastal plains

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New Zealand facts about the population


The New Zealand’s census usually resident population count at 5 March 2013 was 4,242,048

About 80% of the population lives in cities. In Auckland City, New Zealand’s biggest city live more than 1.3 million people. Take a detour in Auckland history about the modest beginnings of Auckland to grow to today's gateway role. 

Age Structure:

  • 0-14 years: 21.1%
  • 15-24 years: 14.1%
  • 25-54 years: 40.6%
  • 55-64 years: 11.3%
  • 65 years and over: 14%

Age Average:

 37.4 years

Ethnic Distribution:

European 56.8%, Maori 7.4%, Asian 8%, Pacific islander 4.6%, other 13.5%, mixed 9.7% (2006 census).

Population Growth Rate:

 0.83% (2013est.)

Facts about New Zealand travel and transportation


total 94,160 km Paved: 62,759 km Unpaved: 32,143 km(2012)


84 (2012)


4,128 km

Ports and Terminals:

 Auckland, Lyttelton, Manukau Harbour, Marsden Point, Tauranga, Wellington

Some miscellaneous New Zealand facts:


 New Zealand Dollar, abr. NZD or NZ$, New Zealand money and currency converter.

Telephone System:

 Excellent domestic and international service with the country code -64


UTC+12 (17 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Daylight Saving:

+1hr, begins last Sunday in September; ends the first Sunday in April -1hr

National holiday:

 6th February, Waitangi Day, celebration of the treaty of Waitangi

25th April, ANZAC Day

Official Languages:

 English, Maori language, Sign Language

When to travel NZ:

The Best Time to travel New Zealand depends very much on what you are looking for.

From September to April, these are the New Zealand seasons spring, summer, and autumn.

For winter sport lovers the best time is from July to September the winter months.

Related Pages ...

NZ facts
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